What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a non-contagious chronic skin condition, the cause is unknown and it is not passed to anyone through touch or exposure. Psoriasis causes skin cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form thick silvery cells and itch, dry, re patches that are sometimes painful. Research show that psoriasis has both hereditary and environmental causes and is triggered by the immune system.
Types of Psoriasis
This conditions presents itself in a variety of forms and can occur on different parts of the body.
- Plaque psoriasis appears as dry scaly patches of the skin and is the most common form
- Guttate psoriasis appears as small dots on the skin that start out pink and eventually scaly.
- Inverse psoriasis appears as smooth red lesions primarily found in the armpit, groin, and skin folds.
- Pustularpsoriasis appears as small white fluid filled blisters that contains whie blood cells.
- Palmo-plantar putulosis is a localized type of pustular psoriasis that appears on the hands and feet.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis develops over large areas of the body and skin is red with excess shedding of fine scales.
- Scalp psoriasis appears on the the scalp as red lesions covered with scales.
- Nail psoriasis can produce nail changes such as pitting, thickening, discoloration, and loosening of the nail from the nail bed.
How to treat Psoriasis
Treatments aim to remove the scales and stop skin cells from growing so quickly. Topical ointment, light therapy, and medications can offer relief. Some common medications include steroids, vitamin A derivatives, anti inflammatories, and immunosuppressives. Some at home alternative therapies include; stress management, aquaphor, coal tar extract, light therapy, moisturizers, and urea.